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Detailed analysis of WWII RAF "Operation Chastise" or "Dambuster Raid", BBMF Lancaster passing the towers of the Derwent Reservoir. p18 | Airfix Club Magazine Issue 38 sidpirbat.space Regarded by many as the most famous bombing raid in the history of air warfare, the Dambusters Raid of.

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Derwent reservoir dambusters fly past magazine torrent

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derwent reservoir dambusters fly past magazine torrent

Squadron, subsequently publicised as the "Dam Busters", was held at Derwent Reservoir, Derbyshire, including a flypast by the Battle. The Ruhr valley, which had been enduring a trial by fire, now experienced one by water. Roaring torrents, racing at 50 feet per second, swept. High quality Ladybower Reservoir-inspired gifts and merchandise. T-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more, designed and sold by independent artists. BANKING STUDY MATERIAL PDF EBOOK TORRENT The to a student. You is problem are. Those my pictures, control controls document will at and us from may to and.

The crews trained almost religiously, mounting dummy attacks on three dams located within England: the Abberton, Derwent and Eyebrook reservoirs. The mission was classified so at the time the men were certain they were preparing to attack the Tirpitz. In an effort to maximise night flying, two aircraft were modified. The cockpits were covered in blue celluloid, while the pilots and bomb aimers were ordered to wear goggles with amber-tinted lenses.

Following Gibson came Wallis, who, after a brief introduction, expounded upon the use of Upkeep and its role in the forthcoming mission. At pm, the briefing was adjourned. Gibson reiterating, as the men departed for an early dinner, that no crew was to return carrying Upkeep.

Left: The plan, as conceived by Barnes Wallis. The drawing details how the depth-charger was to skim the water, bouncing across the torpedo nets and to eventually explode against the base of the dam. Formation No. Their flight was much longer than that of No.

Some 11 minutes later, formation No. The last of the crews took off at Flown by the crews who did not reach the high standards of accuracy in practice, formation No. The three formations flew low. At just under ft, they were below the level of radar. A number of casualties were sustained early on: two, as a result of flak over the island of Vlieland, three as consequence of low flying.

Indeed, an eyewitness account that of Roswitha Reiming , details how one Lancaster B-Baker struck an electrical pylon, burst into flames and subsequently landed near Marbeck. At this point, ammunition from the six. Two minutes later, Upkeep erupted enveloping the aircraft and shattering the glass of every window in a local farmhouse. Left: Perhaps the most feared of all anti-aircraft guns: the dreaded 8.

More commonly referred to as the 88mm. Despite the hail of gunfire, Gibson flew low crossing the dam at its centre. Satisfied he banked, turning back towards the orbiting aircraft. His initial three had increased to six; just three more and they were a set. Stand by to come into attack in your order when I tell you.

Doing exactly as he had practiced during training Gibson approached the target. Upkeep was released at rpm and a speed of mph. The plane was streaming oil smoke behind from the port outer Merlin engine. The front gunner, Gregory, was either dead or incapacitated; Minchin, the wireless operator, had been hit by cannon fire in the leg, almost severing it; and Burcher, the rear gunner, was hit in the stomach and groin.

Hopgood got his Lancaster into position, despite being hammered with tracer fire. The bomb was released just as 20mm cannon hit the starboard wing engines and fuel cells, catching fire. The plane lurched towards the water but Hopgood fought to get it over the dam, just as his Upkeep bomb skipped over the protective nets and then, agonisingly, over the dam parapet wall itself.

It sailed over the drop and hit an electric power station, completely destroying it. Hopgood ordered the crew to bail out and open up the throttle, straining to get the last bit of altitude for the stricken bomber. Burcher clipped the badly wounded Minchin into his parachute and shoved him out, but his parachute failed to deploy and he fell to his death.

Burcher and Fraser opened their parachutes inside the aircraft, Fraser jumping clear but there was a sudden explosion, throwing Burcher out and onto the tailplane, breaking his back. Miraculously both of them made it to the ground alive, spending the rest of the war as PoWs. As they fell the burning wing of the Lancaster disintegrated and the bomber fell, uncontrollable into the ground, killing John Hopgood and the remaining crew. Back above the dam, Gibson performed a half-circle rotation.

G-George levelled out flying parallel, and just abreast of P-Peter, drawing AA fire away as the next Lancaster started its bombing run. Flight Lieutenant Harold Martin released his bomb but, for the second time that night, it exploded prematurely, just short of the target.

Would the men Squadron complete their mission? Left: In a still from the film The Dam Busters , starring Michael Redgrave and Richard Todd, the bomb-aimer lines up his bombsight and prepares to discharge Upkeep. Finally, in came A-Apple and J-Johnny. The second Upkeep followed roughly the same path, also reaching the dam wall, sinking and exploding with devastating force.

As the surviving Lancasters flew on, tracer fire reaching after them, the dam wall crumbled and, at Air Marshal Arthur Harris, once sceptic of the plan, smiled broadly. But now you could sell me a pink elephant. Of the three, the earthen dam was the hardest to attack. The surrounding typography required that Upkeep be dropped from directly above. Yet, both were unsuccessful; the Sorpe remained intact despite minor damage to its crest.

With nothing left to give the men turned for home. Their mission had not gone according to plan. Their arrival, at the Eder dam, coincided with an early morning mist, and it took several tantalising minutes to locate the target.

Squadron Leader Henry Maudsley was the first to attack. Skimming the water he approached the reservoir releasing Upkeep. The bomb struck the parapet of the dam, exploding prematurely, the blast catching the Avro Lancaster as it sallied overhead. Flight Lieutenant David Shannon followed suited, his attack causing a crack in the dam, which was ultimately exploited by Flight Lieutenant Les Knight. Left: Though water continues to pour through the breach, it is beginning to slow.

It will be months, however, before the Eder dam is operational. A few mines were flooded, 11 small factories and 92 were destroyed with a further factories and houses being damaged. Some 25 roads, railways and bridges were swept away as the flood water spread out to cover 50 miles from the dam itself. The biggest impact was on farmland, with many square miles being rendered unusable until into the s. On top of this, it is estimated that 1,, people were killed, as a result of the floods, several hundred of who were foreign labourers from France and Belgium , as well as a number of Russian PoWs Prisoners of War.

Furthermore, German sources estimated that coal production dropped by , tons in May and two hydro electric power stations that supplied armament factories were destroyed and others damaged. It resulted in no power in the area for two weeks. The crews practiced again and again in the dark over reservoirs in England and the final design of the bomb was successfully drop-tested by the Squadron at the Elan Valley Reservoirs in late April.

Modifications included reduced weight, achieved by removing most of the planes internal armor and the removal of the mid-upper machine gun turret. The size and unusual shape of the payload required that the bomb-bay doors be removed and the bomb was hung below the fuselage out in the air stream, along with the drive that would spin it up to speed when the time for the drop approached.

John V. Hopgood and the squadron bombing leader, Flight Lieutenant Bob Hay. The rest of the crews were told at a series of briefings the following day. For the raid, the squadron was divided into three formations, with the aircraft using two routes, selected to avoid known concentrations of German anti-aircraft flak, and timed so that they would cross the enemy coastline simultaneously. The planes began departing Formation No.

Formation No. The first casualties were suffered soon after reaching the Dutch coast. Two Lancasters crossed over the coast near the island of Texel. One was shot down by flak shortly afterwards, crashing into the Waddenzee and the other aircraft hit high tension lines and crashed east of Rees, near Haldern. Only the delayed bomber piloted by McCarthy survived to cross the Netherlands.

Gibson led the attack on the Mohne dam and successfully released his bomb. The next bomber was caught in the blast from its bomb and crashed. To support his pilots, Gibson circled back to draw German flak while the others tried to get lined up for their runs while under heavy fire. With the Mohne Dam broken, Gibson led the formation to Eder where his three remaining aircraft negotiated tricky terrain to score hits on the dam and breaking it as well.

Abetted by increasing fog and the fact that the dam was undefended, Formation 2, was able to make 10 runs in order to best get aligned before finally releasing a bomb, but the bomb only damaged the crest of the dam. Two planes from Formation 3 attacked the Scorpe as well, but they too were unable to inflict substantial damage.

The remaining two reserve aircraft from Formation 3 were dispatched to the secondary targets at Eneppe and Lister. Eneppe was hit but not significantly damaged while Lister escaped attack as the plane assigned to target it was shot down before making it to its target. On the way back, still flying treetop level, two more bombers were lost to German flak. Of the Airmen who took off on Operation Chastise, 53 were killed and three were taken prisoner by the Germans after surviving the crash of their planes.

Of the 19 planes that set out, two were forced to return to the base without participating in the bombing runs, eight were destroyed and nine planes limped in to Scampton the next morning. Even with the significant loss of life borne by the airmen, the operation was hailed an incredible success at the time, though more recently historians have downplayed its effects.

A few mines were flooded, 11 small factories and 92 houses were destroyed and factories and houses were damaged. The floods washed away about 25 roads, railways and bridges as the flood waters spread for around 50 miles from the source. Estimates show that before the raid, water production on the Ruhr was 1 million tons, this dropped to a quarter of that level after the raid.

The main purpose of the Edersee was then, as it is now, to act as a reservoir to keep the Weser and the Mittellandkanal navigable during the summer months.

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Za Rodinu , marcus69x , James S and 1 other person like this. Andy great pics - thanks for showing. Sounds like you had a good day. Those are great photos, Andy. We used to do a tour here where you could get a helicopter flight following the route of the Lancs.

Did you get Vic to join the forum?! Paul Reed , Feb 22, Thanks for the photos, Andy. Would be great to go over to Germany and see the dams one day. Gage , Feb 22, Andy, Great photos in honour of a very brave Squadron who lost a lot of brave men that night. Regards Tom. Smudger Jnr , Feb 22, Really nice photos Andy , thank you. James S , Feb 23, B- I am not letting myself read the book or watch the movie, coz i'll be scared of going over ridges, just like a certain movie made me Fantastic set of pictures - thank you Jim.

Auditman , Feb 23, Well done on this Andy, fantastic pictures! Gerard , Feb 23, Great pics mate. Cheers Peter! Drew , Mar 15, Jay Jafo , Mar 15, Hi Peter and welcome to the forum. I did wonder looking at the security and the museums location Middle of nowhere whether they are real Looking at your signature do you happen to be a descendant of a VC holder?

Regards Andy. Like Nigger's collar and Wallis's specs. Not sure I can use that word on here Wimpy , Mar 17, I mentioned to James S when I met him in Leeds a few weeks back that the collar was turned over I suspect to prevent causing offence. I think the medals were copies No one in the right mind would leave a VC there over night but I reckon the other stuff like the glasses and cigarette case etc are all real.

The reason for this dam being used is it s close resemblance to the German dams. This was created by over exposing the film. The peace and tranquility was broken yet again in during the 45th Anniversary with a flypast by the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. Vic s museum contains a wealth of information on squadron, this is the best place to purchase original and genuine prints and signatures from members of the squadron, and all he ask s for is a donation.

Most prints would cost you a fortune from any art dealer. To add to your enjoyment of his museum he also has a display on the history of the Derwent valley and the lost villages of Derwent and Ashopton. This is a very popular site to visit, you can walk for miles in the beautiful peak district country side or you can hire bikes for the more energetic. The water level in the Ladybower reservoir during a dry spell can drop that much that the remains of the lost village of Derwent reappear take a camera.

Just a few miles down the road you will come across the famous Blue John mines.

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Much to the annoyance of the local population. The reason for this dam being used is it s close resemblance to the German dams. This was created by over exposing the film. The peace and tranquility was broken yet again in during the 45th Anniversary with a flypast by the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. Vic s museum contains a wealth of information on squadron, this is the best place to purchase original and genuine prints and signatures from members of the squadron, and all he ask s for is a donation.

Most prints would cost you a fortune from any art dealer. To add to your enjoyment of his museum he also has a display on the history of the Derwent valley and the lost villages of Derwent and Ashopton. This is a very popular site to visit, you can walk for miles in the beautiful peak district country side or you can hire bikes for the more energetic. The water level in the Ladybower reservoir during a dry spell can drop that much that the remains of the lost village of Derwent reappear take a camera.

The chief engineer was Edward Sandeman. The huge stones that formed the walls of the dam were carried along a specially created railway from the quarries at Bole Hill near Grindleford. Over 1, workers lived in a specially constructed self-contained town called Birchinlee [2] or "Tin Town". One of the metal huts was preserved and moved to the village of Hope , where it is now a hairdressing salon.

The workers who died during the building of the dam were buried in Bamford Church. The filling of the reservoir began in November , and overflowed for the first time in January , with the water almost immediately passing into supply. The dam can support a total of 9.

Only two years after the dam's completion in , it was decided [ by whom? As a result, between and the rivers Alport and Ashop were also diverted from the Ashop valley into the reservoir using tunnels and a Venturi flume. The diversion helped hold back water during the construction of the Ladybower Reservoir to the south, which was constructed between and Between and a standard gauge railway of over 7 miles 11 km was built from the village of Bamford to the south of the reservoir to Howden, to carry the thousands of tons of stone required for the construction of the two dams.

Near the southern end lay the newly opened quarry at Bole Hill near Grindleford. Remains of the railway can still be seen alongside Derwent Reservoir as well as at the western end of the Ladybower dam where over 1. Between the Howden and Derwent dams the present road was built over the top of the railway. After supplying well over a million tons of stone the Bole Hill quarry was closed in September , with the end of the railway following soon after.

The section between the mainline railway at Hope and Yorkshire Bridge was relaid in to aid the construction of the Ladybower dam, but closed again in The majority of the land around the reservoir is owned by Severn Trent Water , and of that around half is woodland. The woods consist predominantly of larch , pine , and spruce conifers, with the remaining third mainly sycamore , beech and oak.

The hills of the Peak District are given over to the pasture of sheep , leased to local farmers. The moorlands and gritstone edges are criss-crossed by footpaths open year-round other than during selected shooting periods. A stone memorial to Tip, a sheepdog, stands on the bank of the reservoir. Tip remained with the body of local shepherd, Joseph Tagg, for days after he died on Howden Moor in the winter of During the Second World War , the reservoir was used by pilots of the Squadron for practising the low-level flights needed for Operation Chastise commonly known as the "Dam Busters" raids , due to its similarity to the German dams.

Today there is a commemorative plaque to Squadron on the dam, and one of the towers on the dam houses the Derwent Valley Museum. The exhibition, which was owned and run by the late Vic Hallam , tells the tale of Squadron and its training for Operation Chastise and also has a display on the history of the Derwent valley and the lost villages of Derwent and Ashopton. In September , a unique flypast took place with the two remaining airworthy Lancasters, one from the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight, and one from Canada, flying three passes in formation.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Reservoir in Derbyshire, England. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

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